Cooperation fostering industrial symbiosis: market potential, good practice and policy actions
Industrial symbiosis (IS) is a systems approach to a more sustainable and integrated industrial system, which identifies business opportunities that leverage underutilised resources (such as materials, energy, water, capacity, expertise, assets etc.) (Lombardi & Laybourn, 2012). IS involves organisations operating in different sectors of activity that engage in mutually beneficial transactions to reuse waste and…Toon rapport
Study to Monitor the Economic Development of the Collaborative Economy in the EU
The study measured the current level of development of the collaborative economy of the EU-28 across the transport, accommodation, finance and online skills sectors. The size of the collaborative economy relative to the total EU economy was estimated to be EUR 26.5 billion (0.17% of EU-28 GDP in 2016). Similarly, it is estimated that about 394,000 persons are employed…Toon rapport
What public policies to promote economies of raw materials?
A benchmark for material efficiency policies implemented in eight countries and transposition study in France. Download the executive summary in English.Toon rapport
Research and Innovation in climate change, resource efficiency and raw materials
The goal of the study is to support the EC in promoting successful research and innovation (R&I) policies and programmes under the Specific Programmes of Horizon 2020 in support of Flagship Initiatives “Innovation Union” and “Resource Efficient Europe” with a focus on the specific challenge “Climate Action, resource efficiency and raw materials”.Toon rapport